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Untitled Document
Nicolas Schöffer

Nicolas Schöffer, French Artist of Hungarian origin
Born on 6th September in Kalocsa (Hungary) from a lawyer, father and a musician mother.
Lived in Paris from 1936 on, became a French citizen in 1948.
Died in his Montmartre atelier, Villa des Arts, on the 8th of January 1992.
Graduated from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, first had his workks exhibited at the Salon des Indépendents in 1937.

Having got acquainted with the theory of cíbernetics of mathematician Norbert Wiener, Schöffer gave up painting to later develop his personal style that can be devided into three periods:

1. Space dynamics (le Saptiodynamisme) 1948
2, Light dynamics (le Luminodynamisme) 1957
3, Time dynamics (le Chronodynamisme) 1959

His career includes painting, sculpture, architecture, urbanism, performing arts, film, music, teaching and books.

Selection of major works by Nicolas Schöffer

Cybernetic Light Tower, Liège, 1961
Chronos 14, San Francisco, 1974
Chronos 15 Bonn 1977
Chronos 10 Paris 1980
Chronos 10 Munich 1980
Chronos 8 Kalocsa, Hungary, 1982
Tour d'Ain 1988
Lyonéon, Lyon 1988
Spatiodynamique 22 Hakone, Japan

Selection of prizes and awards

1968 Gand Prize of the Biennial of Venice
1970 Henry Moore Prize, Osaka, Japan
1983 Officer of Honour of France (Officier de la Légion d'Honneur)
1885 Member of the Academy of Arts and Literature (Officier des Arts et des Lettres)
1990 Commander of the National Order of Merit (Commandeur dans l'Ordre National du Mérite
1990 Flag of the Hungarian People's Republic

As a consequence of a brain stroke suffered in 1985 Schöffer was no longer able to use his right hand. His later drawings (coreographics), collages (colleographics), digital drawings (ordigraphics) and their combinations (ordicolls) were all the creations of his left hand.